• Eva Hou

Edible Landscape - Happy Vegetable Farming in the City


#SDG11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

#SDG12 Responsible Consumption and Production

#SDG13 Climate Action

#SDG15 Life on Land

Implementation period: September 2014 to Present


NT$ 2.5 million as a subsidy for the gardening competition

NT$ 1.5 million for the counseling group and related promotional courses on edible landscaping

◆ Partnership:

As of December 2018, 533 organizations have participated in the program, including schools, communities, and enterprises.

◆ Project website:



Edible landscapes are innovative food systems that combine edible vegetables with decorative plants. In urbanism of the 21st century, the food supply chain is separated from cities; however, edible landscapes bridge the gap between people and nature. Moreover, edible landscapes not only appropriate use of vacant plots of land but also enhance relationships among citizens. Common plants include vegetables, fruits, herbs, and spices.

◆Application procedure

Institutions or companies that are willing to create an edible landscape should write a proposal to the Landscape Office. If the proposal is accepted, the office will assign planting guides to teach gardening skills and maintenance tips to applicants.

◆ Implementation

● Edible landscape counseling group

This group shall impart professional gardening know-how to applicants.

● Planting and agricultural literacy lessons

Each year, 3000 people attend sessions on planting and agricultural literacy. The lessons in these sessions not only enhance participants’ agricultural knowledge but also connections among them.

Planting courses for citizens.

● Edible landscapes in companies

Companies with gardening vacancies can join the program and apply for professional guidance. Staff will be able to relieve stress through gardening at their company. All produce from edible landscapes can be ingredients for the staff kitchen or distributed to charities.

In 2017, the Taiwan Formosa News station donated 15 kg of vegetables to the Sanchong Fund for Children and Families. The following year, MITSUI Outlet Park planted 13 kg of vegetables and donated them to seniors in a nearby community.

Edible landscape outside the Taiwan Formosa News headquarters

◆ Outcomes of edible landscaping

1. Increased ecological diversity

Edible landscapes provide new ecosystems that become habitats for animals and insects in cities.

2. Reduced carbon emissions

Edible landscapes have the potential to be transformed into small-scaled urban agriculture. Such agriculture reduces the transport distance of food, thereby lowering fuel consumption. Moreover, it increases the number of green areas in a city while simultaneously decreasing the heat island effect.

3. Recycling of organic waste in cities

Defoliation and food waste in communities and schools can be used as compost in edible landscapes.

4. Facilitation of greener lifestyles

Through the experience of planting, people can comprehend the entire nontoxic production process and produce clean and green food.

5. Social networks

Edible landscapes are a new form of entertainment. Facebook has a public group called “Fun Eating LOHAS,” in which up to 2000 members share their planting experiences and photos. Such groups help to build networks between communities; furthermore, they are an excellent form of media through which to convey agricultural literacy.

Fun Eating LOHA